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楼市降温棚改退潮带冷土地市场 地方政府财政压力山大

2019-03-17     牛牛财经   来源:
文章摘要:  “土地财政”作为地方政府的“第二财政”,使地方政府聚集了大量可支配的财力,带动了区域内投资增长,在推进新型城镇化进程中起到至关重要作用。   随着城市的发展,大规模基建的支出,地方政府对土地财政的依赖度越来越高,这也是部分三四线城市大规….
 
  “土tudicaizheng”作zuoweidifangzhengfude“第diercaizheng”,使shidifangzhengfujujiliaodaliangkezhipeidecaili,带daidongliaoquyuneitouzizengchang,在zaituijinxinxingchengzhenhuajinchengzhongqidaozhiguanzhongyaozuoyong

  随suizhuochengshidefazhan,大daguimojijiandezhichu,地difangzhengfuduitudicaizhengdeyilaiduyuelaiyuegao,这zheyeshibufensansi线xianchengshidaguimotuijinpenghuqugaizaojipenggaihuobihuaanzhidezhongyaoyuanyin,一yifangmiannengzhijieladongdangdifangdichandequkucun,另lingyifangmianpenggaidairedebendifangdichanshichangkeyicujintudidexiaoshou,获huodedaliangtudichurangjin

  但danjinnianlaiguofenyilaitudichurangshourudedailaidefumianyingxiangyuelaiyueda,对duitudicaizhengdeyilaizhujianchengweidaozhifangjiashangzhangdezhongyaoyinsuzhiyi,同tongshiyejiadaliaodifangzhaiwufengxianyijijinrongfengxian

  一yi、土tudi使shiyongquanshourubuduanpansheng,政zhengfuduitudicaizhengyilaidupiangao

  根genjuguojiacaizhengbugongbudeshujulaikan,国guoyoutudichurangshourushoufangdichanyingxiangbodongjiaoda,与yufangdichanbodongzhouqibodongjibenchengxianyizhidexianxiang

  2015年nianyilai,随suizhuofangdichanshichangdefusujihuore,土tudi使shiyongquanshouruliannianpansheng,2017年nianquanguotudishouruchao5万wan亿yi,增zengsujin40%,2018年nianquanguotudishourujixuchuangxingao,达dadaoliao6.51万wan亿yi,增zengsufanghuanzhi25%,土tudichurangjinbuduanchuangxingaodebeihoushibuduanbeituigaodedijiayijiyuelaiyuedaguimodetudichurang

  2018年nianyouyufangdichanshichangdediaokong,房fangqirongzishoujindengyinsudeyingxiang,全quanguotudishichangyousuojiangwen

  据juzhugezhaofangtongji,2018年nianquanguodijishitudiliupaishuliangdadaochuangjilude1808宗zong,且qiexiabannianyilaichengjiaotudiduoyidijiahedijiachengjiao

shujulaiyuan:财caizhengbuzhugezhaofangzhengli

  从congtudi使shiyongquanshouruyudifangyibangonggongyusuanshourubizhikeyimingxiankandaodifangzhengfuduitudicaizhengdeyilaichengduyizhijiaogao,地difangzhengfujixiwangyumaidilaimibuheweichidifangcaizhengshouzhiquekou

  2012年nianyilaitudi使shiyongquanchurangjinyudifanggonggongyusuandebizhijibenbaochizai0.4以yishang,近jinliangnianlaisuizhuotudichurangjindepansheng,与yudifangyibangonggongyusuanshourudebizhiyeyuelaiyueda,2017年nian、2018年niandebizhishengwei0.57、0.66,超chaoguodifangyibangonggongyusuanshourudedeyibanyishang

shujulaiyuan:财caizhengbuzhugezhaofangzhengli

  二er、各geshengshitudicaizhengqingkuangchayijiaoda,中zhong西xibushengfenjizhejiang、江jiangsuliangshengtudicaizhengyilaidugao

  1、地difangcaizhengshourudongqiang西xiruo,多duoshushengfencaizhengchiziyalida

  根genjucaizhengbufabudequanguocaizhengshujukan,2018年nianquanguoyibangonggongyusuanshouru183177亿yiyuan,同tongbizengchang6.2%,增zengsuyousuofanghuan

  根genjubaogao,赤chiziwei23800亿yiyuan,与yu2017年nianchiping

  赤chizilvsuizhuoguoneishengchanzongzhizengchangershidangxiajiang,预yujiwei2.6%。从cong2018年niandegedizhengfugongbudeyibangonggongyusuanshourulaikan,广guangdongshengyi12102亿yiyuandeshourulingxiangeshengfen,连lianxusanniantupo1万wan亿yiguankou,北beijing(楼loupan)奋fenqizhizhuiyi8630亿yiyuanpaidierming,江jiangsuweiliedisan,收shouruguimoyue7108亿yiyuan

  整zhengtilaikan,一yibangonggongyusuanshourudongqiang西xiruodegejushifenmingxian,排paimingqian6位weideshengfenjunweidongbushengfen

  从conggeshengfendecaizhengchiziqingkuanglaikan,青qinghai、甘gansu、新xinjiang(楼loupan)、宁ningxia、云yunnan、贵guizhou(楼loupan)、黑heilongjiangcaizhengchizilvjiaogao,这zhexieshengfendaduoshujingjifazhanbijiaoluohou,GDP收shourujunzai2万wan亿yiyixia,财caizhengchiziyoujiaogao,政zhengfushouzhinanyipingheng

  而erbeijing、上shanghai(楼loupan)、广guangdong、浙zhejiang、江jiangsuzhexiejingjifada,GDP位weijuqianliedeshengfen,地difangcaiwuqingkuangjiaoweijiankang,财caizhengchizilvjiaodi

  即ji使shiruzhejiang、江jiangsuzhexieduitudicaizhengyilaidujiaogaodeshengfen,也yeyikaozhuoxionghoudejingjijichuyijiqiangyoulidechanyezhichenglaiweichichengshidejiankangyunzhuan

  整zhengtilaikan,西xibuqianfadadiquyouyujingjijichujiaocha,财caizhengchizilvjiaogao,东dongbu沿yanhaijingjifadadiqudifangcaizhengqingkuangjiaohao

  图tu:2018年niangeshengfencaizhengchiziqingkuang

shujulaiyuan:各gedicaizhengting、政zhengfugongbaozhugezhaofangzhengli

  注zhu:各geshengfentongjideyibangonggongshourujiyibangonggongzhichububaokuozhuanyixingshouruhezhongyangduidifangdeshuishoufanhuan

  财caizhengchizi=地difangyibangonggongshouru-地difangyibangonggongzhichu

  财caizhengchizilv=财caizhengchizi/名mingyiGDP

  2、地difangzhengfuyilaitudishourumibushouzhi、发fazhanquyujingjiqingkuangyanzhong

  从conggeshenggongbudecaizhengshourulaikan,广guangdong、北beijing、江jiangsu、天tianjin(楼loupan)、浙zhejiangdengshengshitudicaizhengshouruguimolingxian,对duidangdichixujiadadejichusheshijianshejijingjitourufahuiliaozhongyaozuoyong

  从congtudichurangzongshourulaikan,浙zhejiang、江jiangsu、山shandongtudichurangshourulingxianquanguo,保baochizai5000亿yiyishang,其qizhong2018年nianzhejiangshengtudichurangjinshouru7378.81亿yiyuan,排paizaibangshou。青qinghai、海hainan(楼loupan)、宁ningxiashouquyujigongdijiezouyingxiang,土tudichurangjinpaimingjiaoweikaohou

  从congtudiyilaidupaiminglaikan,中zhong西xibushengfenyijijinliangniandijia、房fangjiazhangfujiaokuaidezhejiang、江jiangsuliangshengduitudicaizhengdeyilaidujiaogao

  以yi2018年niangeshengfentudichurangjinshouruyuyibangonggongyusuanshourudebizhilaikan,依yilaichengduzuigaodeshizhejiang,比bizhidadaoliao1.12,这zheyiweizhuozhejiangshengdetudichurangjinshidifangcaizhengshourude1倍beiyouyu

  其qicishijiang西xisheng,比bizhiwei0.96、安anhuishengbizhiwei0.90,几jihuyudifangyibangonggongyusuanshouruchiping

  安anhui、河henan、四sichuan(楼loupan)、山shandongdengshengfenpaimingyejiaoweikaoqian,得deyiyudaguimopenggaihuobihuaanzhi,土tudichurangjindafutisheng

  而erlingyibufenrubeijing、上shanghai、海hainanzhexiefadadeshengshi,土tudicaizhengshouruyuyibanyusuanshourubizhizai0.3以yixia,城chengshijingjifada,产chanyefengfu,税shuishouzhanbigao,对duitudicaizhengdeyilaichengdujiaodi,而erneimenggu、黑heilongjiang、宁ningxiayouyujingjifazhanjiaoweiluohou,房fangdichanshichangredubuzu,土tudichurangshourujiaodi,相xiangduiyingdeshidangdijingjifazhanquefazijinchixutouru,在zaiquanguozhengtipaimingzhongjiaoweiluohou

  图tu:2018年niangeshengfentudichurangjinzhanyibangonggongyusuanshourubizhiqingkuang

shujulaiyuan:各gedicaizhengting、政zhengfugongbaozhugezhaofangzhengli

  财caizhengchizikeyifanyingchudifangdejingjishili、财caizhengzhiliangyijishouzhiwenjianchengdu,而ertudichurangjinyuyibangonggongyusuanshourudebizhikeyikanchudifangduitudicaizhengdeyilaidu

  两liangzhejiehelaikan,以yi20%的decaizhengchizilvjitudichurangjinyuyibangonggongyusuanshourubizhiwei0.5为weijie,可kejiangquanguogeshengfenfenweisilei

  第diyileishengfencaizhengchizilvdi,但dantudicaizhengyilaidujiaogao,以yizhejiang、江jiangsuliangshengweidianxing,此cileichengshiyouyudaguimodejijianzhichu,以yijixunsushangzhangdedijia,短duanqiduitudicaizhengjiaoweiyilai,长changyuanlaikan,由youyuchengshijudadefazhanqianliyijichanyezhicheng,不buhuiduichengshifazhanchanshengjiaodaweixie

  第dierleishengfencaizhengchizilvdi,土tudiyilaichengduyejiaodi,北beijing、上shanghaiheliaoning、吉jilinliangleishengshiweidianxing,土tudishichangdejiangwenbuhuigeizheleichengshidailaijiaodadeyingxiang

  第disanleichengshicaizhengchizi、土tudiyilaidushuanggaodeshengfen,如ruguizhouheyunnan,这zheleichengshidifangzhengfuguoduyilaitudicaizheng,且qiebenshencaizhengshourulaiyuanjiaoshao,税shuishoushourujiaodi,一yidantudishichangxiahua,将jianghuigeizheleishengfendailaijiaodadechongji

  第disileishengfencaizhengchizigao,土tudicaizhengyilaidujiaodi,如ruheilongjiangheningxia

  房fangdichanshichangbenshenredubuzu,土tudishourujiaodi,应yingdangjijifazhanchengshijingjijichujianshe,提tigaojingjishili

  图tu:2018年niangeshengfencaizhengchiziyutudiyilaiduqingkuang

  三san、三sansi线xianchengshiduitudicaizhengyilaiduzuigao,处chuyuchengshikuozhangqideer线xianchengshiyexumaidishourulaiweichi

  在zai2018年nian,一yi线xianchengshitudichurangjinzhandifangyibangonggongyusuanshourudepingjunbizhiwei0.4,一yi线xianchengshichanyezhuanxing,逐zhujianjinruhougongyehuajieduan,产chanyeheli,政zhengfuyibangonggongyusuanshourujiaogao,“土tudicaizheng”依yilaiduchuyujiaodishuiping

  二er线xiandaibiaochengshitudichurangjinzhandifangyibangonggongyusuanshourudepingjunbizhiwei0.91,二er线xianchengshichuyukuaisukuozhangqi,需xuqiuwangsheng,市shichangredugao,供gongdiguimodaqiefangqijingzhengjilie,“土tudicaizheng”依yilaidugaoyuyi线xianchengshi

  三sansi线xiandaibiaochengshitudichurangjinzhandifangyibangonggongyusuanshourudepingjunbizhiwei1.51,三sansi线xianchengshizishenjingjitiliangyouxian,抗kangfengxiannenglibuzu,但danzaipenggaijixingyeshangxingzhouqidaidongxia,部bufenchengshitudichurangshourudafuzengchang,在zai2018年nian“土tudicaizheng”依yilaiduzuigao

shujulaiyuan:各gedicaizhengju、政zhengfugongbaozhugezhaofangzhengli

  据juzhugezhaofangshujujiance,2018年nian40个gezhongdianchengshizhongyou20个gechengshitudichurangjinshouruchaoguodifangyibangonggongyusuanshouru,“土tudicaizheng”依yilaiduxiangduijiaogao

  其qizhong,眉meishan(楼loupan)、鄂ezhoudengsansichengshi2018年niantudichurangshourushidifangyibangonggongyusuanshourude2倍beiyishang,杭hangzhou(楼loupan)、济jinan(楼loupan)、郑zhengzhou(楼loupan)等denger线xianchengshibizhiyechaoguo1。

  由youyuduoshusansi线xianchengshijingjijichujiaobaoruo,土tudicaizhengshourujihuchengweichengshijingjifazhandezuizhuyaolaiyuan,菏heze、日rizhao(楼loupan)等dengchengshi,得deyiyudaguimodepenggaihuobihuaanzhi,土tudichurangjinshourudafutisheng,是shiqiyibangonggongyusuanshourude2倍beiyishang,为weidifangzhengfutigongliaofenghoudezijin

  随suizhuopenggaihuobihuatuijin,刺cijiliaosansi线xianchengshidedaliangdegoufangxuqiu,三sansi线xianshangpinfangshichangxunsuliangjiaqisheng,带daidongtudishichangyishihuore,地difangzhengfuzaigaoweishimaiditaoxianchengweihuanjiedifangzhaiwudezhongyaoshouduan

  高gaotudiyilaiduduanqiyeyinfaliaodijia、房fangjiakuaisushangsheng,未weilaisuizhuopenggaihuobihuabilixiadiao,需xuqiuyijingbeitiqiantouzhideqingkuangxia,一yidantudishichangjiangwen,此cileichengshixuqiunanyiweiji

  图tu:2018年nianzhongdianchengshitudichurangjinzhanyibangonggongyusuanshourubizhiqingkuang

shujulaiyuan:各gedicaizhengju、政zhengfugongbaozhugezhaofangzhengli

  地difangzhengfudeduitudicaizhengdeyilaiduyidadaojiaogaochengdu,很henduosansi线xianchengshijibufener线xianchengshitudichurangshouruyijingchaoguoliaoyibangonggongyusuanshouru,但danzhengfudemaidimoshibukechixu

  随suizhuofangdichandiaokongdebuduanshenru,棚penggaiguimodexiajiangyijihuobihuaanzhidexiadiao,土tudishichangyichuxianmingxianjiangwen,靠kaomaidilaiweichizhengfushouzhidefengxianjiada,地difangzhengfujiangmianlinjudadezhaiwuyalihejinrongfengxian

  同tongshiguoduyilaitudicaizhengyinqidedijiashangzhangdailaidetoujixuqiu,拉ladaliaopinfuchaju,损sunhailiaoshehuigongping,也yehuidailaiyixilieshehuiwenti

  但dantongshiwomenyekeyikandao,土tudifadexiuding,符fuhetiaojiandejitijiansheyongdi使shiyongquankeyirushi,两lianghuitichuwenbufangdichanshuilifa,地difangcaizhengdeshourumoshijianggengjiaduoyuanhua,各gechengshiduitudicaizhengdeyilaichengduyouwangjianqing

 
 
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